Power and Water in Jordan and Israel: An Exploration of Hydro-Hegemony in the post-Peace Treaty Era

Title: Power and Water in Jordan and Israel: An Exploration of Hydro-Hegemony in the post-Peace Treaty Era
Authors: Jacobsen, Jens
Date: 2017-04-13
Abstract: Water resources in the Lower Jordan Basin states of Israel, Palestine and Jordan have historically been characterized by unilateral development, competition and conflict, but have seen increasing levels of cooperation since the 1994 Jordan-Israel Peace Treaty. This new era of cooperation, however, is not immune to power relations, as Israel remains the dominant economic and military force of the region. This paper will explore how the power dynamic between Israel and Jordan has evolved in the post-Peace Treaty era, as it pertains to water-related affairs. This paper then presents the question; can Jordan’s active role in pursuing joint Jordan-Israel water projects be seen as acting in concert with or in opposition to Israeli hydro-hegemony? Ultimately, the research will present the argument that Jordanian interactions largely complied with Israeli hegemonic leadership in the fields of ideological and normative power, which are considered highly effective in generating consent. There is however also notable evidence that Jordan has strategically used counter-hegemonic mechanisms in the ‘leverage’ field, seeking to increase Jordan’s position within the existing hegemonic order, without attempting to replace it or fundamentally change it. The prevalence of these contest mechanisms demonstrates that the hegemonic order of the Lower Jordan River Basin is not complete, and that Jordan is at least partially acting as a counter hydro-hegemonic force, while primarily complying with the existing hegemonic order.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35981
CollectionAffaires publiques et internationales - Mémoires // Public and International Affairs - Research Papers