Formic Acid Decomposition on Cobalt Surfaces

Title: Formic Acid Decomposition on Cobalt Surfaces
Authors: Sims, Jeffrey J.
Date: 2015
Abstract: The decomposition of formic acid proceeds via two principal reaction pathways: dehydration and dehydrogenation. Mechanisms and reaction ratios depend on the nature of the catalysts used. This work provides mechanistic insight into the decomposition of formic acid on Co(0001) and a highly stepped cobalt surface. The catalytic systems were studied in ultra-high vacuum by XPS and temperature programmed desorption. On both surfaces, an overall reaction (1) was observed: 2 HCOOH→H_2 O+CO+H_2+CO_2 (1) The surfaces had differing reaction intermediates, reaction temperatures, and activation energies. On Co(0001), formate, carbon, and hydroxyl are intermediates and the reaction has an activation energy of 44.3 ± 0.6 kJ/mol, pre-exponential factor of 0.7 ± 0.05 mbar/s. On highly stepped cobalt, formate and formyl are intermediates and the reaction has an activation energy of 147.2 ± 2.0 kJ/mol and pre-exponential factor of 1011.3 ± 0.2 mbar/s. Desorption energies of observed species and mechanisms of observed reactions are reported. A detailed description and proof of concept of a PM-IRRAS reactor designed for this thesis is also presented.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -