Evolution of dispersal in closed advective environments

Title: Evolution of dispersal in closed advective environments
Authors: Lam, King-Yeung
Lou, Yuan
Lutscher, Frithjof
Date: 2014
Abstract: We study a two-species competition model in a closed advective environment, where individuals are exposed to unidirectional flow (advection) but no individuals are lost through the boundary. The two species have the same growth and advection rates but different random dispersal rates. The linear stability analysis of the semi-trivial steady state suggests that, in contrast to the case without advection, slow dispersal is generally selected against in closed advective environments. We investigate the invasion exponent for various types of resource functions, and our analysis suggests that there might exist some intermediate dispersal rate that will be selected. When the diffusion and advection rates are small and comparable, we determine criteria for the existence and multiplicity of singular strategies and evolutionarily stable strategies. We further show that every singular strategy is convergent stable.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/37796
DOI: 10.1080/17513758.2014.969336
CollectionMathématiques et statistiques // Mathematics and Statistics
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