Special Economic Zones in Jordan: An Economic Action Plan

Title: Special Economic Zones in Jordan: An Economic Action Plan
Authors: Barr, Lindsey
Date: 2018-05-14
Abstract: The war in Syria has had devastating effects on its population with massive human rights violations, war crimes, and the use of chemical weapons. Mostly all those who have been able to survive the terror are internally displaced or have fled to other countries. With 13.5 million Syrians in need of humanitarian assistance worldwide, this is the largest displacement of people since World War II. This has led to the necessity in innovation of refugee studies and management especially in developing states. This thesis proposes the use of Special Economic Zones as a potential response to these modern challenges in Jordan as it hosts approximately 1.4 million Syrian refugees. By exploring the resource challenges of Syrian refugees and Jordan, Special Economic Zones are identified as a potential resource allocating mechanism that can be both ethical and mutually beneficial. Although narratives of Special Economic Zones exist, using them as a more sustainable economic solution to long term refugee displacement is largely absent in academia. This thesis aims to explore the viability of this proposal by identifying pragmatic concepts of human dignity, ethics, and political economy present in both Jordan’s response to the refugee crisis and the practice of Special Economic Zones. The notions of ethics and dignity are developed through Roberto Toscano’s interpretation of Paul Ricoeur’s ethical syntax and Aristotle’s Eudaimonia to describe the observed refugee practices in Jordan. In addition, this thesis identifies power asymmetries that are present in the host-refugee complex by using concepts from Mahrdad Vahavi’s The Political Economy of Predation. This thesis concludes that if ethical procedures are stringently followed and monitored, Special Economic Zones could be mutually beneficial to both Syrian refugees and Jordan.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/37652
CollectionThèses Saint-Paul // Saint Paul Theses