A Novel Road Marking Detection and Recognition Technique Using a Camera-based Advanced Driver Assistance System

Title: A Novel Road Marking Detection and Recognition Technique Using a Camera-based Advanced Driver Assistance System
Authors: Tang, Zongzhi
Date: 2017
Abstract: Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) was widely learned nowadays. As crucial parts of ADAS, lane markings detection, as well as other objects detection, have become more popular than before. However, most methods implemented in such areas cannot perfectly balance the performance of accuracy versus efficiency, and the mainstream methods (e.g. Machine Learning) suffer from several limitations which can hardly break the wall between partial autonomous and fully autonomous driving. This thesis proposed a real-time lane marking detection framework for ADAS, which included 4-extreme points set descriptor and a rule-based cascade classifier. By analyzing the behavior of lane markings on the road surface, a characteristic of markings was discovered, i.e., standard markings can sustain their shape in the perpendicular plane of the driving direction. By employing this feature, a 4-extreme points set descriptor was applied to describe the shape of each marking first. Specifically, after processing Maximally Stable Extremal Region (MSER) and Hough transforms on a 2-D image, several contours of interest are obtained. A bounding box, with borders parallel to the image coordinate, intersected with each contour at 4 points in the edge, which was named 4-extreme points set. Afterward, to verify consistency of each contour and standard marking, some rules abstracted from construction manual are employed such as Area Filter, Colour Filter, Relative Location Filter, Convex Filter, etc. To reduce the errors caused by changes in driving direction, an enhanced module was then introduced. By tracking the vanishing point as well as other key points of the road net, a method for 3-D reconstruction, with respect to the optical axis between vanishing point and camera center, is possible. The principle of such algorithm was exhibited, and a description about how to obtain the depth information from this model was also provided. Among all of these processes, a key-point based classification method is the main contribution of this paper because of its function in eliminating the deformation of the object caused by inverse perspective mapping. Several experiments were conducted in highway and urban roads in Ottawa. The detection rate of the markings by the proposed algorithm reached an average accuracy rate of 96.77% while F1 Score (harmonic mean of precision and recall) also attained a rate of 90.57%. In summary, the proposed method exhibited a state-of-the-art performance and represents a significant advancement of understanding.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35729
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -