Thermo-Optic and Refractometric Performance of Long-Range Surface Plasmon Multiple-Output Mach-Zehnder Interferometers

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Title: Thermo-Optic and Refractometric Performance of Long-Range Surface Plasmon Multiple-Output Mach-Zehnder Interferometers
Authors: Fan, Hui
Date: 2016
Abstract: Long-range surface plasmon-polaritons are transverse-magnetic polarized optical surface waves formed through the interaction of photons with free electrons at the surface of metal slabs or stripes. They play important roles in a variety of field such as integrated optics, amplifiers and lasers, optical sensing, modulation, etc. Due to their longer propagation length and deeper penetration depth compared to those of single-interface surface plasmon-polaritons, they have become increasingly promising in optical sensing. In sensing applications, it is necessary to reduce the noise level in order to obtain a lower detection limit. One way to achieve this is to use dual- or triple-output Mach-Zehnder interferometers so that the common perturbations among the outputs can be suppressed. The objective of this thesis is to provide deeper insights on the performances of dual- and triple-output Mach-Zehnder interferometers in thermo-optic and optical bulk sensing applications, theoretically and experimentally, and to demonstrate their ability to suppress common perturbations and lower the detection limit. On the theoretical side, the objective is approached by constructing a model for the transfer characteristic. For dual-output Mach-Zehnder interferometers, the plane-wave model is used to develop a general model for thermo-optic sensing and an unbalanced model for optical bulk sensing. For triple-output ones, local normal mode theory is used with modal analysis for the 3×3 coupler portion of the structure. Quantitative methods to analyze and compare different detection schemes are developed. The minimum detectable phase shift is determined for the case of thermo-optic sensing while the detection limit is determined for optical bulk sensing. On the experimental side, the objective is approached by providing a direct experimental demonstration of the transfer characteristics at an optimized operating wavelength for the coupler portion of the device, then comparing to theory. Time traces are carried out and various detection schemes are applied to suppress common perturbations among the outputs, and to improve the minimum detectable phase shift or the detection limit.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35049
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5017
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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