Performance of Polyurea Retrofitted Unreinforced Concrete Masonry Walls Under Blast Loading

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Title: Performance of Polyurea Retrofitted Unreinforced Concrete Masonry Walls Under Blast Loading
Authors: Ciornei, Laura
Date: 2012
Abstract: Unreinforced masonry walls subjected to blast loading are vulnerable to collapse and fragmentation. The objective of this thesis is to conduct experimental and analytical research for developing a blast retrofit methodology that utilizes polyurea. A total of four unreinforced masonry walls were constructed and tested under various shock tube induced blast pressures at the University of Ottawa Shock Tube Testing Facility. Two of the retrofitted walls had surface-sprayed polyurea. The results indicate that the use of polyurea effectively controlled fragmentation while significantly increased the load capacity and stiffness of masonry walls. Polyurea proved to be an excellent retrofit material for dissipating blast induced energy by providing ductility to the system and changing the failure mode from brittle to ductile. Single degree of freedom (SDOF) dynamic analyses were conducted as part of the analytical investigation. The results show that the analytical model provides reasonably accurate predictions of the specimen response.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23180
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5935
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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