Physical Volcanology of Obsidian Dome, California: A Complex Record of Emplacement of a Youthful Lava Dome

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Title: Physical Volcanology of Obsidian Dome, California: A Complex Record of Emplacement of a Youthful Lava Dome
Authors: Kingsbury, Cole G.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Obsidian Dome is a 550-650 year old, 1.5 by 1.8 km extrusion of high silica rhyolite situated along the Inyo Craters in eastern California. Field, and observations of drill core, reveals discrete metre-scale thick zones of rhyolitic glass exposed along the margin of Obsidian Dome as well as within its interior. Millimetre-scale flow-banded obsidian, pumice and rhyolite range from planar to chaotically folded, the latter a product of ductile, compressive deformation. Fractures, some of which display en-echelon splitting patterns are a result of brittle failure. Taken together, these features along with others, result from flow during lava dome growth and suggest complex emplacement patterns signified by vesiculation, crystallization and repeated brittle-ductile deformation, owing to episodic crossing of the glass transition. Evidence further shows that gas loss from the system occurred due to explosions, pumice formation and also brecciation of the melt as it episodically crossed the glass transition. Loss of gas by these mechanisms along with the inherent high viscosity of rhyolite melt explains the large amount of glass found on and within Obsidian Dome and other similar rhyolite extrusions in comparison to less silica-rich systems.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/22840
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5767
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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