Investigating the Cortical and Subcortical Contributions to Unimanual and Bimanual Wrist Extension

Title: Investigating the Cortical and Subcortical Contributions to Unimanual and Bimanual Wrist Extension
Authors: Teku, Faven
Date: 2021-04-19
Abstract: When exploring movement production, motor control researchers have been interested in investigating the relative contributions to different types of movement. In a research setting, a startling acoustic stimulus (SAS) can be used as a tool to explore the neural processes that are occurring when preparing and initiating a movement. Additionally, suprathreshold TMS is another tool which can induce a suppression of the cortical region of the brain, resulting in RT delays which provides us with the ability to assess the corticospinal contributions to a particular movement. The aim of the current study was to investigate potential differences in the planning and execution of bimanual versus unimanual wrist extension movements. It was of particular interest as to whether bimanual coupling occurs at the cortical level or in lower parts of the output pathway (reticulospinal). Participants (N=6) were instructed to complete a unimanual or bimanual wrist extension following a control go-signal or a SAS. For subset of trials, in order to explore the level of corticospinal excitability of the movement, suprathreshold TMS was applied over the left M1 during the task to induce a cortical silent period (CSP). Results revealed that theimpact of TMS on response initiation was not significantly different for unimanual task versus a bimanual task. Furthermore, the SP (silent period) only had an impact on the right limb and not the left during the bilateral task. Lastly, SAS did lead to shorter RTs for both the unimanual and bimanual wrist extension task, but the RT delay induced by TMS in the right limb was not shorter in SAS trials compared to control. The findings of the present study suggest that bimanual coupling may be occurring at the cortical level and in lower parts of the output pathway as there may be correlated neural activity in the two hemispheres occurring during bimanual wrist extension movements.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -