Emergency Nursing and Patient Violence

Title: Emergency Nursing and Patient Violence
Authors: Bertrand, Allison
Date: 2021-04-16
Abstract: Nurses are at an increased risk for violence from patients compared to other healthcare professionals working in hospital emergency departments. In this setting, there are multiple factors contributing to patient violence including long wait-times, overcrowding, insufficient staffing, and lack of security personnel. This violence can be verbal, physical, or sexual in nature, and may result in psychological, emotional, cognitive, and social consequences. While there is an abundance of literature that explores how nurses working in the emergency department experience patient violence, less is known about how patient violence affects their day-to-day nursing practice. The purpose of this study was to explore how nurses working in Ontario emergency departments who have experienced patient violence enact their nursing care. This was an interpretive description qualitative study using semi-structured, conversation-style telephone interviews, set in Ontario, Canada. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. The participants’ experiences with patient violence and its effect on their nursing care were described using four categories and seven subcategories: ‘Violent Context’ (Leadership), (Wait-Times), (Security Measures), ‘Being Responsible’ (Work Family), ‘Violent Patients’ (Patient for Whom we Anticipate Violence), (Patients who Surprise Us), and ‘Adapting their Practice’ (Engaging with Patients). Nurses working in the emergency department describe frequent occurances of physical and verbal violence as part of their daily practice. This violence leads to emotional and psychological consequences, as well as changes to their nursing care and interactions with future patients. Inconsistencies in hospital policies, resources, and supports create an environment where nurses are often left to manage both the violent encounter and their personal and professional responses.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/42013
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -