The Effects of BPA and BPS on Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Metabolism

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Title: The Effects of BPA and BPS on Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Metabolism
Authors: Ahmed, Fozia
Date: 2020-09-16
Abstract: Background. Bisphenol A (BPA) and BPS are environmental pollutants that are associated with the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although skeletal muscle and adipose tissue dysfunction are involved the development of insulin resistance, there are few studies that have investigated the effects of bisphenols on their metabolism. In this study, we investigated the effects of BPA and BPS exposure on skeletal muscle and adipose tissue metabolism to determine how they contribute to the development of T2D. Methods. L6 muscle cells were treated with BPA during the last 24 hours of differentiation, and mitochondrial function and glucose metabolism was measured. Human subcutaneous adipose tissue was incubated for 24 or 72 hours with BPA or BPS, and adipokine gene expression and glucose metabolism was measured in adipose tissue. Results. L6 muscle cells treated with high concentrations of BPA (10⁵ nM) had mitochondrial dysfunction and a compensatory increase in glucose metabolism; however, there were no effects at environmentally-relevant concentrations. Adipose tissue treated with BPA for 24 hours had reduced expression of proinflammatory cytokines and adipokines, and reduced insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Conclusions. BPA exposure for 24 hours did not alter L6 muscle cell mitochondrial function and glucose metabolism at environmentally-relevant concentrations; however, adipose tissue had altered proinflammatory expression and glucose metabolism at low concentrations. This has important implications in regulatory guidelines in the use of BPA in the manufacturing of consumer products.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/41010
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-25234
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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