The effect of detachment sliding on surface wash erosion in the continuous permafrost zone, Hot Weather Creek, Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories.
|Title:||The effect of detachment sliding on surface wash erosion in the continuous permafrost zone, Hot Weather Creek, Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories.|
|Authors:||Kokelj, Steven V.|
|Abstract:||An experimental design was developed to evaluate the effect of active-layer detachment sliding on surface wash erosion. Specifically, the aim was to examine to what extent the disturbance of vegetation cover, changes in hydrological conditions due to topographic modification by detachment sliding and the formation of a fresh active layer affect rates of surface wash erosion. Detachment slides generally accumulated more snow than adjacent slopes and yielded greater amounts of surface runoff than vegetated slopes with similar snow covers. Surface drainage was inhibited on well-vegetated hummocky slopes where lags between radiation inputs and discharge responses were greater than at the rilled detachment slide plots. During rainfall events following snowmelt, plot response was affected by antecedent moisture conditions and the vegetation cover: surface flow was generated only in detachment slide scars and at the mixed plots but not on vegetated undisturbed slopes or on the bare undisturbed slope. Suspended sediment concentrations at the fresh detachment slide scars are two orders of magnitude greater than on vegetated slopes. Greater amounts of surface runoff production at fresh scars and the removal of vegetation result in high rates of surface erosion and high sediment yields (1560 g/m$\sp2)$ at fresh detachment slide scars. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)|
|Collection||Thèses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010|