Drought in Ethiopia: A Population Health Equity Approach to Build Resilience for the Agro-Pastoralist Community

Title: Drought in Ethiopia: A Population Health Equity Approach to Build Resilience for the Agro-Pastoralist Community
Authors: Khan, Selim
Gomes, James
Date: 2019
Abstract: Background: A devastating drought is ravaging Africa, with Ethiopia being the worst-hit country. Ethiopia’s economy is predominantly reliant on rain-fed farming and livestock. The agriculture sector contributes up to 85% of the country’s livelihoods. The drought has threatened agro-economy and health of over 15 million agro-pastoralist population who herd the largest livestock in Africa. Some governments announced its commitment in the UN to extend support for the drought-affected people. The Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction prioritizes proactive rather than reactive relief response that can promote health resilience. Applying population health matrices can serve the purpose by exploring the determinants of health, their impacts on the differential health outcomes for population sub-groups and to improve the overall health of the population by addressing the health inequity. Objective: This study aims to identify the critical population health outcomes, underlying determinants, and the leverage points for actions that can guide effective policies and interventions for building health resilience for the vulnerable agro-pastoralist population in Ethiopia. Methods: Two researchers searched nine academic and grey literature bibliographic databases for drought literature and related health interventions. We used the PRISMA checklist to synthesize evaluate individual study quality. We analyzed data employing disaster vulnerability and determinants of health and health equity frameworks. Socioeconomic, political and examined to identify policy and leverage points for effective population health interventions. Results: Health issues are diverse that revolve around the major determinants of health infrastructure, health systems, disaster preparedness, household productivity-income, access to the market economy. These determinants are further affected by socioeconomic, political and cultural contexts. Despite dire vulnerability and health inequity, some potentials evolved from practices as the leverage points for policy actions and interventions. Conclusion: The recommended interventions can be implemented through an approach to get the maximum impacts on health resilience. Evidence gathered from the Africa can be useful to tackle similar droughts induced health issues in other parts of the continent. Future intervention research on the ground can generate robust evidence for action to build health resilience.
URL: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/gjhs/issue/view/0/2018
DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v11n2p42
CollectionSciences de la santé - Publications // Health Sciences - Publications
Drought Health Resilience_ Published Jan10, 2019_Selim.pdfSystematic Review # CRD42018116904; Registered with the National Institute for Health Research.1.11 MBAdobe PDFOpen