The Price of Garbage: an analysis of the effect of user-pay programs on waste diversion in Ontario municipalities

Description
Title: The Price of Garbage: an analysis of the effect of user-pay programs on waste diversion in Ontario municipalities
Authors: Chiasson, Christina
Date: 2018
Abstract: As the province of Ontario moves towards its goal of becoming waste free, there remains a substantial uphill battle to curb waste away from landfill and towards more sustainable end-of-life management facilities such as recycling, reusing, and composting plants. Diverting disposed materials into recovery facilities will help Ontario develop its circular economy and will relieve ever increasing pressures on local landfills. This study analyses the direct effect that waste policies have on residential waste diversion rates, with particular investigation into unit-based pricing mechanisms commonly known as user-pay or pay-as-you-throw programs. This study is intended to help policymakers decide which policies are most effective at increasing waste separation, and although the main focus is on user-pay schemes, bag limits, frequency of curbside recycling collection, curbside organic/leaf and yard waste collection and the level of promotion and education funding are also investigated for their effects on diversion rates in Ontario. This study uses the extensive database of information of Ontario municipalities’ waste programs provided by the Resource Productivity and Recovery Authority, and performs a series of simple and multiple linear regressions to determine the relationships between each waste policy and diversion rates. Between 216-243 municipalities were considered over a nine-year period from 2008-2016. The results of the study indicate a significant relationship between user-pay schemes and increased diversion, and also indicate that the policies may be more effective in urban communities than in rural ones.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/37894
CollectionInstitut de l’environnement - mémoires // Institute of the Environment - Research Papers
Files