DNA Labels for Improved Detection and Capture with Solid-State Nanopores

Title: DNA Labels for Improved Detection and Capture with Solid-State Nanopores
Authors: Karau, Philipp
Date: 2018-05-16
Abstract: Nanopores have emerged as a simple but effective tool to investigate the behavior of polymers in solution. They have shown great potential to simplify expensive and time consuming procedures like DNA sequencing, protein detection, and disease biomarker detection. With the development of in situ fabrication of solid-state nanopores by controlled breakdown (CBD) of a dielectric material, nanomanufacturing of nanopore-based technologies became feasible. However, there are still a lot of challenges to overcome for these applications to become reality. One of the major problems with solid-state nanopores is the rapid passage time of analytes going through the pore, complicating detection and reliable identification of molecules. In this thesis molecular structures are proposed that increase passage times due to increased interactions between analyte and pore wall, and at the same time increase signal amplitude due to increased blockage of the pore. These structures are short, branched DNA molecules that were assembled with built-in modifications and matching sequences to assume their structure. Nanopore experiments reveal that these structurally defined DNA produce higher detection rates than their linear DNA counterparts, making them better candidates for labels in single-molecule sensing experiments.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/37706
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -