Characterizing Performance of the Radar System for Breathing and Heart Rate Estimation in Real-Life Conditions

Title: Characterizing Performance of the Radar System for Breathing and Heart Rate Estimation in Real-Life Conditions
Authors: Zhang, Xinyang
Date: 2017
Abstract: Contact-less human detection and monitoring using radar technology has been recently applied in many areas including search-and-rescue for earthquake victims, fall detection, gait analysis and detection of other human activities. Radars can also provide important information about a persons state of health by monitoring the level of activities, heart and breathing rate. Also it can be used to generate warnings if some of the monitored parameters are outside of predefined limits. The major application of this work is for monitoring in-mates and their activities. This thesis deals with characterizing the performance of the radar system used for monitoring a single person in a contained environment. This thesis is experimentally based and during the thesis a large number of experiments were performed in order to monitor subjects in realistic conditions. The thesis explores feasibility of using the radar with a single radio-frequency channel input and two algorithms for breathing and heart rate estimation when the subject is at different relative orientation towards the radar as well as in different postures. Algorithm one is using Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) and algorithm two is using Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) with Minkowski distance. We also detect the zones where the subject is when the subject is moving. Since this exploratory analysis provides initial features for classifications and algorithms for breathing and heart beat estimation, it can represent a foundation for future works on designing systems that track subjects and their breathing in real-time.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -