Choline Transport Links Phospholipid Metabolism and Inflammation in Macrophages

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Title: Choline Transport Links Phospholipid Metabolism and Inflammation in Macrophages
Authors: Snider, Shayne
Date: 2017
Abstract: Choline is necessary for the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC), the predominant phospholipid species and an important lipid intermediate. Macrophages, critical mediators of innate immunity, have been implicated in lipid dysregulation associated with metabolic disease. Despite the importance of choline in lipid metabolism, few studies have investigated the relationship between choline metabolism and inflammation. My research revealed that macrophage polarization increased choline metabolism and the expression of the choline transporter CTL1. In addition, choline deficient macrophages showed altered cytokine secretion, suggesting choline metabolism may play an important role in regulating the immune response. This study also describes the generation of a novel CTL1-/- mouse, which showed decreased choline uptake and incorporation into lipids. As an in vivo model for choline deficiency, CTL1-/- mice represent an important model for the future study of choline metabolism. Altogether, these findings suggest an important relationship exists between choline metabolism and inflammation.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35715
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-672
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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