Regulation of Cortisol Production by Serotonin and Negative Feedback in the Head Kidney of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

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Title: Regulation of Cortisol Production by Serotonin and Negative Feedback in the Head Kidney of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Authors: Bélair-Bambrick, Marie-Ève
Date: 2016
Abstract: Production of the glucocorticoid hormone cortisol in response to a stressor is initiated by activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis in fish. Serotonin (5-HT) and negative feedback regulate cortisol production at the whole-animal level; the objective of the present thesis was to investigate their roles in regulating cortisol production by interrenal cells of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) for the 5-HT4 receptor was present in low abundance in interrenal cells. In addition, cortisol production was significantly increased for in vitro head kidney preparations incubated with 5-HT, and this elevated cortisol production was blocked by the 5-HT4 receptor antagonist 5-fluoro-2-methoxy-[1-[2-[(methylsulphonyl) amino] ethyl]-4-piperidinyl]-1h-indole-3-methylcarboxylate sulphamate (GR125487). Thus, 5-HT acts at the head kidney level to regulate cortisol production, probably via the 5-HT4 receptor. Chronic social stress did not appear to regulate the expression of key proteins involved in cortisol biosynthesis or corticosteroid receptors (CR). However, head kidney tissue incubated in vitro with cortisol for 2-8 h showed a reduction in adrenocorticotropic hormone-stimulated cortisol production compared to controls, suggesting the existence of an ultra-short-loop negative feedback mechanism. Thus, the high circulating levels of cortisol in trout experiencing chronic social stress may activate this ultra-short-loop negative feedback mechanism to suppress cortisol production at the head kidney level.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35503
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-461
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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