Assessing functional recovery shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty: a comparison of the clinimetric properties of four tools

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Title: Assessing functional recovery shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty: a comparison of the clinimetric properties of four tools
Authors: Poitras, Stéphane
Wood, Kristi S
Savard, Jacinthe
Dervin, Geoffrey F
Beaulé, Paul E
Date: 2016-11-16
Abstract: Abstract Background Following hip or knee arthroplasty, it is clinically warranted to get patients functional as quickly as possible. However, valid tools to assess function shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty are lacking. The objective was to compare the clinimetric properties of four instruments to assess function shortly after arthroplasty. Methods One hundred eight patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty were assessed preoperatively, 1 and 2 days postoperatively, and 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively with the Timed Up and Go (TUG), Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (ILAS), Postoperative Quality of Recovery Scale (PQRS), and Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS). Descriptive data, floor and ceiling effects, responsiveness, interpretation and construct validity were determined. Results Only the ILAS and RHDS support subscale demonstrated floor or ceiling effects. A large deterioration from preoperative to postoperative, followed by large improvements after surgery were seen in the TUG and ILAS scores. The RHDS personal status subscale and the PQRS pain and function dimensions demonstrated large improvements after surgery. Changes in the RHDS global scale and personal status subscale, PQRS pain dimension and TUG were significantly related to patient perceived improvement. Minimal important changes were obtained for the RHDS global (1.1/10) and personal status subscale (2.3/10), and the TUG (43.4 s at 6 weeks). For construct validity, the PQRS function dimension and RHDS were moderately related to the TUG or ILAS. The correlation between TUG and ILAS was high from preoperative to postoperative day 2, but substantially decreased at 2 and 6 weeks. Conclusions The TUG and RHDS personal status subscale demonstrated the best clinimetric properties to assess function in the first 6 weeks after hip or knee arthroplasty.
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-016-1338-7
http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35483
CollectionLibre accès - Publications // Open Access - Publications
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