SNF2H-Mediated Chromatin Remodelling and Its Regulation of the Pluripotent State

Title: SNF2H-Mediated Chromatin Remodelling and Its Regulation of the Pluripotent State
Authors: Cook, David
Date: 2016
Abstract: In embryonic stem cells (ESCs), the SWI/SNF, CHD, and INO80 families of ATP-dependent chromatin remodellers have been implicated in maintaining pluripotency-associated gene expression, however the involvement of ISWI family remodellers has yet to be defined. Here, we explore the importance of the mammalian ISWI homologue SNF2H (Smarca5) by deriving a conditional knockout mouse ESC line and observing the consequences of SNF2H depletion on the pluripotent state. Cre-mediated deletion of Snf2h disrupts hallmark characteristics of pluripotency, resulting in distinct morphological changes; reduced expression of the master transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, and Nanog; and reduced alkaline phosphatase activity. To understand the mechanisms of SNF2H-mediated regulation, we mapped SNF2H-bound nucleosomes genome-wide. SNF2H is broadly distributed across the genome, but is preferentially enriched at active regulatory regions and transcription factor binding sites. These findings demonstrate the importance of SNF2H in ESCs and shed light on genome-wide mechanisms of transcriptional regulation.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -