Hypoxia-induced Manipulations of Relative Exercise Intensity do not Alter Steady-state Thermoregulatory Responses or Maximal Heat Loss Capacity During Exercise

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Title: Hypoxia-induced Manipulations of Relative Exercise Intensity do not Alter Steady-state Thermoregulatory Responses or Maximal Heat Loss Capacity During Exercise
Authors: Coombs, Geoff
Date: 2016
Abstract: This study sought to determine the independent influence of hypoxia on thermoregulatory responses to exercise in compensable and uncompensable hot conditions. Eight participants completed three experimental trials of cycling in either normoxia (21% O2) or hypoxia (13% O2) in order to manipulate relative exercise intensity (%VO2peak), since VO2peak was reduced by ~30% in hypoxia. When trials were matched for %VO2peak, changes in core temperature and local sweat rates (LSR) were significantly lower in the hypoxic trial as a result of a lower rate of metabolic heat production (Hprod) in order to maintain a similar %VO2peak compared to normoxia. However, when Hprod was fixed between normoxic and hypoxic trials the systematic differences in core temperature and LSR were eliminated. Conversely, at a fixed Hprod skin blood flow (SkBF) was greater in hypoxia compared to normoxia by ~40%. Despite improvements in SkBF, the potential for maximum heat loss was unaffected during an incremental humidity ramp protocol, resulting in no difference between normoxia and hypoxia in the critical ambient vapour pressures at which core temperature inflected upwards. These data further demonstrate, using a within-subjects design, that metabolic heat production, irrespective of large differences in %VO2peak, determines thermoregulatory responses during exercise. Furthermore, this study suggests that the influence of large differences in skin blood flow on heat dissipation may be lesser than previously thought.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/34757
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5880
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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