Gender-Wage Discrimination by Marital Status in Canada: 2006 to 2016

Title: Gender-Wage Discrimination by Marital Status in Canada: 2006 to 2016
Authors: Schultz, Jacob
Date: 2016-05-31
Abstract: Using Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) data for the month of January from 2006 to 2016, by two-year intervals, this paper investigates gender-wage differentials by marital status in Canada. Utilizing a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique, this paper finds that the "unexplained" component of the wage gap, interpreted by some as a measure of discrimination, is positive in all the years in the study for married and single females. Examining primary differences between marital groups, I explore how gender-wage discrimination affects married women relative to single women. The results indicate that married females face higher total wage gaps and greater discrimination than their single counterparts. However, upon closer inspection of the proportion of the total wage gap that is attributed to discrimination within each marital group, we find that proportion to be higher for single females. Therefore, taking the proportion of the total wage gap as a measure, we find that married females face less discrimination than single females. It is important to note that conclusions drawn from the analysis are contingent upon the definition of “discrimination”, as it is apparent that referring to discrimination as the “unexplained” component of the wage gap as opposed to the proportion of the wage gap that is “unexplained” yields conflicting results.
CollectionÉconomie - Mémoires // Economics - Research Papers