Part A: Development of a Modular Synthetic Approach to Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphlorogluginols: Total Synthesis of Papuaforin A, B, C, Hyperforin and Formal Synthesis of Nemorosone. Part B: Studies Toward the Synthesis of Ginkgolides

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Title: Part A: Development of a Modular Synthetic Approach to Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphlorogluginols: Total Synthesis of Papuaforin A, B, C, Hyperforin and Formal Synthesis of Nemorosone. Part B: Studies Toward the Synthesis of Ginkgolides
Authors: Bellavance, Gabriel
Date: 2016
Abstract: Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) are a vast family of natural products, which includes more than 200 members. They contain a stunningly complex molecular architecture which in most cases includes a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane core. PPAPs have been of interest to the scientific community for their intricate structure, their powerful aid in treating many ailments and large portfolio of biological activities. More particularly, they have been of synthetic interest since 1999 with the first report of an approach to these complicated cores by Nicolaou. Herein, we present the first total synthesis of papuaforin A, papuaforin B, papuaforin C, hyperforin and the formal synthesis of nemorosone following a report by Simpkins and co-workers. We relied on a gold(I)-catalyzed carbocyclization for the construction of the core of this family of natural products. Ginkgolides are isolated from the ginko tree, Ginkgo biloba, a living fossil with records of its existence dating back 280 million years. For centuries, the plant and its extracts have been used extensively for their beneficial properties, especially in China, Japan and India. For example, extract Egb761, one of the most potent fraction, generates over $500 million a year alone. The ginkgolides possess a truly unique compact diterpene framework of six 5-membered rings with a high content oxygen. Eleven oxygens can be found in ginkgolide C for a core containing only 23 carbons. The ginkgolides also include a very unique feature: a tert-butyl group located on the most convoluted ring system: the B ring. Few groups have found success in limning a synthetic route to ginkgolides. Corey’s group was the first to achieve the total synthesis of ginkgolide B in 1987. He was also able to complete ginkgolide A a year later. Crimmins and co-workers also achieved the total synthesis of ginkgolide B a decade later in 1999. Herein, we present our new approach toward ginkgolides through a newly developed methodology for the α-allylation of ketones and the creation of highly hindered contiguous quaternary centers. The synthesis is still at an early stage but a synthetic pathway giving access to the ring B with all the key moieties has been extensively investigated.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/34630
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5826
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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