Spreading Speeds and Travelling Waves in Integrodifference Equations with Overcompensatory Dynamics

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Title: Spreading Speeds and Travelling Waves in Integrodifference Equations with Overcompensatory Dynamics
Authors: Bourgeois, Adèle
Date: 2016
Abstract: We consider integrodifference equations (IDEs), which are of the form N_{t+1}(x) = \int K(x-y)F(N_t(y))dy, where K is a probability distribution and F is a growth function. It is already known that for monotone growth functions, solutions of the IDE will have spreading speeds and are sometimes in the form of travelling waves. We are interested in the case where F has a stable 2-point cycle, namely for the Ricker function and the logistic function [May, 1975]. It was claimed in [Kot, 1992] that the solution of this IDE alternates between two profiles, all the while moving with a certain speed. However, simulations revealed that not only do the profiles alternate, but the solution is a succession of two travelling objects with different speeds. Using the theory from [Weinberger, 1982], we can prove the existence of two speeds and establish their theoretical formulas. To explain the succession of travelling objects, we relate to the concept of dynamical stabilization [Malchow, 2002].
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/34578
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5751
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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