The Role of LMO4 in the Regulation of SLK Localization & Activation within Migrating Cells and in Murine Mammary Tumorigenesis

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Title: The Role of LMO4 in the Regulation of SLK Localization & Activation within Migrating Cells and in Murine Mammary Tumorigenesis
Authors: Baron, Kyla Doreen
Date: 2016
Abstract: The Ste20-like kinase SLK plays a pivotal role in cell migration and focal adhesion turnover. SLK activity is regulated by the LIM domain-binding proteins Ldb1/2. In addition to playing role in tumor initiation and progression, these proteins have been demonstrated to interact with LMO4. Therefore, this project assessed the ability of LMO4 to interact and regulate SLK activity. Results show that LMO4 can directly bind to SLK and activate its kinase activity. LMO4 can be co-precipitated with SLK following the induction of cell migration by scratch wounding. Cre deletion of LMO4 inhibits cell migration and SLK activation, and impairs Ldb1 and SLK recruitment to the leading edge of migrating cells. Src/Yes/Fyn-deficient cells (SYF) express very low levels of LMO4 and do not recruit SLK to the leading edge. Src-family kinase inhibition impairs SLK recruitment to the leading edge, suggesting that both expression of LMO4 and the recruitment of SLK to the leading edge require c-Src activity. In conclusion, cell migration and activation of SLK requires its recruitment to the leading edge by LMO4 in a Src-dependent manner. This study also investigated whether LMO4 deletion through MMTV-Cre-driven excision would impair mammary tumorigenesis in a PyMT mouse model of breast cancer. No difference in Overall Survival was observed between animals with and without LMO4 expression. Western blot analysis and IHC showed that tumors expressed LMO4 protein in animals genotyped as Cre-positive. This result suggests that expression of LMO4 is required for tumor initiation in the PyMT model of murine mammary carcinoma. This project has established a novel cytosolic role for the transcriptional co-activator LMO4 and validated it’s involvement in the regulation of SLK and cell migration. This pathway may provide a novel therapeutic strategy as LMO4 appears to be critical to the initiation and progression of breast cancer.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/34195
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5301
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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