Six1 Is Important for Myoblast Proliferation Through Direct Regulation of Ccnd1

Title: Six1 Is Important for Myoblast Proliferation Through Direct Regulation of Ccnd1
Authors: Horner, Ellias
Date: 2016
Abstract: The transcription factor Six1 of the sine oculis homeobox family has been tied to skeletal muscle formation. Work completed thus far has allowed our research team to identify the precise mechanism by which Six1 regulates the expression of MyoD, a key myogenic gene, in muscle stem cells. Furthermore, loss-of-function of this protein, mediated by RNA interference, has implicated Six1 as essential towards normal myogenic differentiation. However, beyond Six1 and its involvement towards myogenesis, our data also suggests the transcription factor as a potential regulator of the cell cycle. Data from our lab shows that loss of Six1 expression significantly impairs primary myoblast proliferation and appears to impair satellite cell activation in response to muscle injury in vivo. Furthermore, loss of Six1 decreases the expression of key cell cycle genes. Combining functional genomics approaches such as ChIP-Seq and Gene Expression Profiling together with Gene Ontology Term Enrichment shows a significant representation for biological processes regarding the cell cycle and its regulation; these biological clusters contain a large subset of genes that are bound and modulated by Six1. In particular, Ccnd1 was found to display a similar expression pattern as Six1 in growing myoblasts and its expression was found to be directly controlled by Six1. Furthermore, Ccnd1 over-expression was sufficient to rescue the Six1-knockdown associated cell cycle phenotype. Together, these data suggest that in response to injury Six1 enhances the expression of the cell cycle gene Ccnd1 thus modulating myoblast proliferation for muscle regeneration.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -