IL-7 Responses In Th17 Cells Are Dysregulated During HIV Infection

Title: IL-7 Responses In Th17 Cells Are Dysregulated During HIV Infection
Authors: Stilla, Alana
Date: 2016
Abstract: In the gut-associated lymphoid tissues, Th17 cells mediate mucosal homeostasis and inflammation. During HIV infection, Th17 cells become depleted and functionally impaired, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation in patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. IL-7 is a cytokine that mediates homeostatic responses in T lymphocytes, such as proliferation and survival, which are dysregulated during HIV infection. Whether similar dysregulation occurs in Th17 cells has yet to be reported. IL-7 receptor α (CD127) expression and IL-7 responses were therefore measured in blood-derived Th17 cells from uninfected individuals and effectively treated, HIV-infected individuals by flow cytometry. Th17 cells from uninfected individuals expressed CD127 and, in response to IL-7, exhibited phosphorylation of STAT5, upregulation of Bcl-2, and proliferation. During HIV infection, expression of CD127 and pSTAT5 in Th17 cells was comparable to that observed in cells from uninfected individuals. Interestingly, expression of Bcl-2 was upregulated while proliferation was dramatically impaired. These findings may provide further insight into the mechanisms by which Th17 cells fail to become restored during HIV infection.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -