A Pill to Save Bleeding Mothers: a Meta-analysis of Misoprostol’s Effectiveness, Safety, and Dosage for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage in Resource-Poor Communities.

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Title: A Pill to Save Bleeding Mothers: a Meta-analysis of Misoprostol’s Effectiveness, Safety, and Dosage for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage in Resource-Poor Communities.
Authors: Janoudi, Ghayath
Date: 2015
Abstract: Objective Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality world-wide; misoprostol is a relatively cheap, easily administered, and an efficient medication to be given after the delivery of the baby to prevent PPH, thus posing it as a first choice in resource-poor communities. The aim of this study is to answer questions regarding the most appropriate dose (400 µg versus 600 µg), effect of labour settings (community or clinical), and management of labour on misoprostol effectiveness and safety in preventing PPH. Methods We developed a search strategy and conducted a search within five key databases. Two reviewers screened the articles for predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria, quality, and performed data extraction. Discrepancy was dealt with by reaching consensus. In article 1, we only included randomized controlled trials, we performed a random-effects Bayesian network meta-analysis comparing 400 µg to 600 µg misoprostol over five outcomes of interest: blood loss ≥500 ml, blood loss ≥1000 ml, using additional uterotonics, shivering, and pyrexia. In article 2, we included any experimental trial, we performed a random effects model meta-analysis, pooling the incidence of PPH from each misoprostol arm. Subsequently, a meta-regression model was performed on identified potential effect-modifiers, including clinical settings and labour management. Results Of 444 identified records, 46 trials met the inclusion/exclusion criteria in article 1, and 56 trials in article 2. The odds ratio (OR) of misoprostol 400 µg vs. 600 µg for bleeding ≥ 500 ml is 0.86 [95% Credible Intervals: 0.46 − 1.54], for bleeding ≥ 1000 ml the OR is 0.83 [95% CrI 0.54 – 1.26], for additional uterotonics is 0.75 [95% CrI 0.40 – 1.40], for pyrexia and shivering an OR of 0.57 [95% CrI 0.15 – 2.18] and 0.63 [95% CrI 0.29 – 1.31] respectively. The overall incidence of PPH was 6.62 per 100 pregnancies (95%CI 4.71 per 100 – 8.53 per 100). Labour settings and other aspects of active management of labour had no statistically significant effect on the incidence of post-partum hemorrhage. Conclusion We found no difference between the administration of misoprostol 400 µg or 600 µg for the prevention of PPH and side effects of misoprostol, as well as no effect of labour settings and management of labour on misoprostol effectiveness.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/33459
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-2854
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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