Antagonism Between Trastuzumab and Oncolytic VSV is Overcome by Conjugation to a Microtubule Destabilizer

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Title: Antagonism Between Trastuzumab and Oncolytic VSV is Overcome by Conjugation to a Microtubule Destabilizer
Authors: Garcia, Vanessa
Date: 2015
Abstract: HER2overexpression is associated with poor breast cancer prognosis and increased risk of metastasis. Current HER2targeted therapies include monoclonal antibody based strategies which work by reducing HER2 levels at the cell surface (trastuzumab), by preventing HER2 dimerization (pertuzumab), or via targeted delivery of a cytotoxic payload (trastuzumab emtansine). Although these therapies are successful in some cases, acquired and inherent resistance to these therapeutics remain a treatment hurdle. Oncolytic viruses (OVs) specifically target and lyse cancer cells while leaving normal cells unharmed. One such OV, VSVΔ51, replicates in interferon (IFN) defective cells, a characteristic of approximately 70% of tumours. We hypothesized that the combination of HER2 targeting therapies with VSVΔ51 could improve therapeutic efficacy. We found that HER2 overexpression was associated with increased virus sensitivity and that modulation of HER2 signaling through a subset of activating ligands and inhibitory drugs could influence infection. We further established that the HER2 monoclonal antibodies trastuzumab and pertuzumab mediate an anti-viral effect on VSVΔ51 spread. Finally, we demonstrate that conjugation of a microtubule targeting agent to trastuzumab can overcome the induced anti-viral state and enhance VSVΔ51 spread specifically in cancer cells. Overall, this work highlights the importance of HER2 signaling and activation on VSVΔ51 spread and shows that conjugation of microtubule destabilizing agents to monoclonal antibodies can enhance VSVΔ51 efficacy.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/33147
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6573
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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