The Impact of Auditory and Visual Cognitive Tasks on Postural Control in Young Adults

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Title: The Impact of Auditory and Visual Cognitive Tasks on Postural Control in Young Adults
Authors: Polskaia, Nadia
Date: 2015
Abstract: The purpose of the present thesis was two-fold. First, to evaluate the impact of cognitive demand on postural control in young adults and second, to examine the responsiveness of postural control to cognitive tasks presented in varying modalities. Seventeen young adults stood on a force platform while simultaneously performing cognitive tasks of varying difficulty (easy, moderate and difficult), each presented auditorily and visually. Performing the moderate and difficult tasks precipitated a greater reduction in area of 95% confidence ellipse and medio-lateral (ML) sway variability compared to the easy tasks. Presenting the tasks visually produced lower ML sway variability than presenting the tasks auditorily. Of secondary interest of this thesis was to determine if the duration of inter-stimulus intervals could modify the effectiveness of a cognitive task on postural control. Participants stood on a force platform while simultaneously performing cognitive tasks with five-second inter-stimulus intervals (i.e. discrete) and two-second inter-stimulus intervals (i.e. continuous), each presented auditorily and visually. Results revealed higher anterior-posterior (AP) mean power frequency (MPF) when performing the continuous tasks. In addition, presented the tasks visually resulted in a greater reduction in area of 95% confidence ellipse, AP and ML sway variability.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/32870
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-2781
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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