Influence of Anatomic Depot on the Apoptotic Susceptibility of Adipose Progenitor Cells

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Title: Influence of Anatomic Depot on the Apoptotic Susceptibility of Adipose Progenitor Cells
Authors: Biernacka-Larocque, Amanda
Date: 2015
Abstract: Adipose tissue (AT) expands through hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Hyperplasic AT expansion requires an adequate number of adipose progenitor cells. This study investigates the influence of depot origin on the susceptibility of adipose progenitors to cell death, and measures the effect of macrophage-secreted factors on adipose progenitor survival. Using serum deprivation alone or in the presence of TNFα, omental (OM) versus subcutaneous (SC) adipose progenitors, obtained from human AT, displayed a 3- and 1.7-fold-increase in apoptosis, respectively, as assessed by Hoechst staining, (p<0.05). Similar results were observed with cell enumeration. The ratio of OM/SC cell death from serum deprivation positively correlated with body mass index (BMI). The depot-specific difference in cell death was lost when TNFα and cycloheximide (CHX) were used. Monocyte-derived macrophages (MD-macrophages), isolated from human blood, did not have an effect on apoptosis. Depot-related differences in adipose progenitor apoptosis may influence AT remodeling and alter metabolic functionality in obesity.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/32070
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-2765
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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