Socioeconomic Inequality of Physical Activities in Canada

Title: Socioeconomic Inequality of Physical Activities in Canada
Authors: Zhu, Mingying
Date: 2014-12-31
Abstract: In the field of health economics, the significance of physical activities to health is highlighted. Exercise is beneficial to improve health and can also help to prevent obesity. It is necessary to study the real exercise situation among population. The objective of this paper is to measure socioeconomic activity inequality among Canadians. The data are collected from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2012. Average daily energy expenditure serves as a good alternative to study the features of each physical activity. This paper mainly adopts a concentration index (CI), which indicates a socioeconomic dimension to exercise inequality, as well as an achievement index ( AI ) that includes mean value and presents a better inequality situation. This work also decomposes the CI and AI from two aspects: by categories of physical activities, and by demographic groups (gender, age, immigrant or not, the length of time since immigration). The results suggest that most of Canadians’ exercise intensity is inactive or moderate. The poor prefer to choose some simple and single exercises like walking for exercise, gardening, bicycling and the like. The rich take more team sports, like ice hockey, tennis and baseball. The socioeconomic inequalities in exercise within subgroup show more significance.
CollectionÉconomie - Mémoires // Economics - Research Papers