Robust Estimation of Mean Arterial Pressure in Atrial Fibrillation Using Oscillometry

Title: Robust Estimation of Mean Arterial Pressure in Atrial Fibrillation Using Oscillometry
Authors: Tannous, Milad
Date: 2014
Abstract: Blood pressure measurement has been and continues to be one of the most important measurements in clinical practice and yet, it remains one of the most inaccurately performed. The use of oscillometric blood pressure measurement monitors has become common in hospitals, clinics and even homes. Typically, these monitors assume that the heartbeat rate remains stable, which is contrary to what happens in atrial fibrillation. In this thesis, a new method that provides a more precise estimate of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) is proposed using anon-invasive oscillometric blood pressure monitor. The proposed method is based on calculating a ratio of peak amplitude to trough amplitude for every pulse, then identifying where the ratio first reaches a value of 2. The performance of the proposed method is assessed by comparing the accuracy and variability of the readings against reference monitors -first in healthy subjects, then in atrial fibrillation patients. In healthy subjects and in atrial fibrillation patients, the proposed method achieved a performance accuracy that is well within the ANSI/AAMI SP10 protocol requirements of the reference monitors. The presence of atrial fibrillation diminished the performance of the reference monitor by increasing the variability of the reference readings. The proposed algorithm, on the other hand, performed better by achieving substantially lower variability in the readings than the reference device.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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