The Gender Gab in Labour Force Participation in Canada

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Title: The Gender Gab in Labour Force Participation in Canada
Authors: Mei, Jiang
Date: 2014-08
Abstract: This paper uses data from the March 2014 Labour Force Survey of Statistics Canada and a logistic model to analyse the marginal effect of various socioeconomic variables on female and male labour force participation rates. It also uses the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method to determine the major reasons for the gender gap. One of the crucial findings is that the gender gap in labour force participation between women and men with less than a college-level education is higher than the gap for all men and women. For those with more than a college education the gender gap is less than the gap for all men and women. For those with a master’s degree, the gender gap is only 1 percentage point. Additional, the maximum gender gap is 25 percentage points, which occurs when the age of the youngest child is less than 2 years old. The minimum gender gap is only 2 percentage points when the age of the youngest child is more than 18 years. Finally, marital status and a larger family size also negatively affect the female labour force participation rate and widen the gender gap.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/31677
CollectionScience économique - Mémoires // Economics - Research Papers
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