Functional Remodelling of the Nucleolus by Long Noncoding RNA

Title: Functional Remodelling of the Nucleolus by Long Noncoding RNA
Authors: Jacob, Mathieu
Date: 2013
Abstract: The nucleolus is a plurifunctional organelle in which structure and function are intimately linked. Though it is primarily known as the site of ribosomal biogenesis, the nucleolus is also capable of orchestrating the immobilization of a broad range of proteins under specific environmental conditions. This process, known as nucleolar sequestration, contributes to cell viability under stress. Despite the importance of this post-translational regulatory pathway, very little is known about the mechanisms that govern it. Here, we show that heat shock and acidosis, two physiological stimuli associated with nucleolar sequestration, induce the expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) from stimulus-specific loci of the ribosomal intergenic spacer (IGS). These lncRNAs, in turn, immobilize proteins encoding a nucleolar detention sequence (NoDS) within a compartment of the nucleolus termed the detention centre (DC). The DC is a spatially and dynamically distinct region, characterized by an 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS)-positive hydrophobic signature. Its formation is accompanied by a redistribution of nucleolar factors and an arrest in ribosomal biogenesis. Silencing of regulatory IGS lncRNA prevents the creation of this structure and allows the nucleolus to retain its tripartite organization and transcriptional activity. Signal termination causes a decrease in IGS transcript levels and a return to the active nucleolar conformation. We propose that the induction of IGS lncRNA, by environmental signals, operates as a molecular switch that regulates the structure and function of the nucleolus.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -