Biodegradable nanoparticles for sustained occular drug delivery

Title: Biodegradable nanoparticles for sustained occular drug delivery
Authors: Cleroux, Carolyne
Date: 2010
Abstract: Apoptosis (programmed cell-death) is a common final pathway through which cells die in retinal degenerative diseases. The purpose of this project was to develop biodegradable nanoparticles that quickly deliver XIAP, an inhibitor of apoptosis, to retinal cells following acute insults. In vitro protein release profiles from different formulations were established, and two cell types were incubated with nanoparticles to assess cellular uptake. Subretinal injections were carried out in rats to assess in vivo localization and possible toxicity. In vitro studies showed an initial burst of protein followed by sustained release, with overall low levels of protein release. Cell culture experiments suggest that particles are mostly membrane-bound, and some may be internalized. In vivo experiments revealed no signs of toxicity, and protein localized within the photoreceptor layer. In conclusion, nanoparticles may provide a good delivery system for XIAP; however higher levels of protein release are needed for neuroprotection, warranting further investigation.
CollectionTh├Ęses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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