The technology gap and the emergence of French and German industrial policy in the domain of data processing and computers, 1960--1970

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Title: The technology gap and the emergence of French and German industrial policy in the domain of data processing and computers, 1960--1970
Authors: Picher, Andrea
Date: 2003
Abstract: The idea that a technology gap between the United States of America and Western Europe existed emerged in the early 1960s. Western Europeans attributed the gap to a dramatic increase in direct American investment, government support for R and D, firm size, as well as the brain drain, while American Scholars argued that the roots of the gap were the archaic educational systems and the hierarchical social structures of Western Europe. In order to support their national computer industries against American competition, French and German policy makers chose to counter the technology gap by developing national support programs. Although both countries responded to the same socio-economic problem, the resulting industrial programs differed fundamentally. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of industrial policy in the 1960s and, through a comparative analysis show, how industrial policy is shaped by political and cultural aspects within individual countries.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/26389
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-9599
CollectionTh├Ęses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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