Initiating the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Signal: Checkpoint Protein Mad1 Associates with Outer Kinetochore Protein Ndc80 in Budding Yeast

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Title: Initiating the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Signal: Checkpoint Protein Mad1 Associates with Outer Kinetochore Protein Ndc80 in Budding Yeast
Authors: Weirich, Alexandra
Date: 2013
Abstract: The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that delays the initiation of anaphase by inhibiting the Anaphase Promoting Complex (APC) until all kinetochores have achieved bipolar attachment on the mitotic spindle. Mad1-3, Bub1, and Bub3, components of the SAC, are conserved from yeast to humans. These proteins localize to unattached kinetochores, though it is unknown with which kinetochore proteins they interact and how these interactions transduce information about microtubule attachement. Here, purification of the checkpoint proteins from Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggests that Mad1 interacts with the outer kinetochore protein Ndc80 in a SAC, cell cycle, and DNA dependent manner. Ndc80 is thought to mediate attachment of kinetochores to microtubules so the interaction between Mad1 and Ndc80 suggests a mechanism by which cells sense kinetochore-microtubule attachment. The SAC is of special importance in some types of cancer where genetic damage and aneuploidy is correlated with mutated SAC genes. A better understanding of the SAC mechanism will aid in the development of targetted cancer therpeutics.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24248
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-3049
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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