Proteomic Analysis Identifies Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein as a Potential Novel Mediator of Occlusive Vascular Remodeling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

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Title: Proteomic Analysis Identifies Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein as a Potential Novel Mediator of Occlusive Vascular Remodeling in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Authors: Lavoie, Jessie
Date: 2013
Abstract: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a lethal disease characterized by excessive proliferation of pulmonary vascular cells, such as endothelial cells (ECs). Hereditary (H) PAH is mainly caused by ―loss-of-function‖ mutations in the gene coding for the bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor (BMPR2). However, the mechanisms by which these mutations cause PAH remain unclear. The hypothesis of this thesis was that BMPR2 mutations produce an imbalance in EC protein expression and/or activity that is integrally related to the development of abnormalities in lung vascular function and structure in HPAH. Patient-specific blood-outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) expanded ex vivo from peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with HPAH and healthy subjects were used to examine the consequences of BMPR2 mutations on the BOEC protein expression profile as well as on their functionality. Functional analyses of the BOECs revealed that HPAH-derived BOECs are more susceptible to apoptosis and more proliferative compared with healthy controls. Protein isolates of BOECs from patients with HPAH and from healthy subjects were subjected to 2-D gel electrophoresis and stained for total proteins and phosphoproteins, and to a quantitative computerassisted analysis. Differentially regulated proteins were identified by mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Of the 416 total proteins detected under basal conditions, 11 were significantly downregulated in HPAH-derived BOECs and 11, including the translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), were upregulated. TCTP has previously been shown to be involved in systemic arteriolar remodeling, inflammation and growth. Therefore, the potential role of TCTP in PAH was studied in vivo in the SU5416 rat model of severe angioproliferative PAH. Immunofluorescence staining revealed high expression of TCTP in arteriolar ECs of PAH lungs tightly localized to proliferating cells within occlusive intimal lesions; whereas, only minimal TCTP expression was seen in vascular ECs of normal lungs. Similarly, abundant TCTP immunostaining was also seen in human PAH lung sections, again associated with complex vascular lesions. In BOECs, TCTP was found to participate in cell growth and survival. These data suggest that TCTP could play an important role in PAH by mediating pro-survival and growth signaling in vascular cells, contributing to occlusive pulmonary vascular remodeling triggered by EC apoptosis.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24243
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-3044
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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