Effects of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Stainless Steels and Superalloys

Title: Effects of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Stainless Steels and Superalloys
Authors: Jiang, Kuan
Date: 2013
Abstract: Slurry coating technique, as one of the most popular deposition methods, is widely used to produce various material coatings. This method includes two processes: spraying, brushing or dipping of slurry, and sintering heat treatment of the coated specimen. Superalloys and stainless steels are the most common materials used as either coating materials or substrate materials because of their excellent corrosion, wear, high-temperature and mechanical properties. This research is aimed at investigating the influence of the sintering heat treatment in the slurry coating process developed at Kennametal Stellite Inc. on the microstructure, hardness and wear behavior of superalloys and stainless steels. Low-carbon Stellite 22, cobalt-based Tribaloy T-400C, martensitic AISI 420 and AISI 440C stainless steels are studied in this research. The microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of these alloys before and after the heat treatment are investigated, stressing the influence of the heat treatment on these material characteristics. The hardness and wear tested are conducted on these alloys at both room temperature and at elevated temperatures. The worn surfaces of each specimen are analyzed using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with backscatter electron imaging (BEI) and energy dispersive X ray (EDX) spectrum. It is demonstrated that the heat treatment alters the microstructures of these alloys differently; it increases the hardness but affects the wear resistance more complexly than hardness. At room temperature, the wear resistance of these alloys is governed by their microstructures. However, at high temperatures, oxidation, resulting in formation of oxide films on the specimen surface, influences the wear resistance significantly.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24241
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
Jiang_Kuan_2013_thesis.pdfFull thesis13.79 MBAdobe PDFOpen