Phenazine: A Building Block for Multinuclear and Heterometallic Complexes, Where the Ligand Acts as an Electron Acceptor and Radical Abstractor

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Title: Phenazine: A Building Block for Multinuclear and Heterometallic Complexes, Where the Ligand Acts as an Electron Acceptor and Radical Abstractor
Authors: Vladimir, Shuster
Date: 2013
Abstract: Over the past decade, intensive academic and commercial interests have been paid on compounds possessing photochemical properties, namely for their preparation, chemical properties, high efficiency and potential low-cost. Compounds having intense photochemical properties gained great interest due to wide range of potential applications. The sensitizers are one of the key components for high power-conversion efficiency in the dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). They are the core components in the organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) due to their ability to emit light with the wavelengths largely red- shifted from their absorption wavelength. Ruthenium based sensitizers have been tagged “molecular light switches” because, although the fluorescence of these complexes in aqueous solutions is negligible, it increases of greater than 10000 fold in the presence of DNA. Many polypyridyl and dipyrido phenazine ruthenium complexes have achieved high power conversion efficiencies and therefore are of practical interest. Several research groups stated that the dipyrido phenazine ligand may be thought of as comprising two components: a bipyridyl unit and a phenazine unit. These two subunits behave essentially separately, with many molecular orbitals being localised over only one subunit and a redox properties of central phenazine moiety in the dipyrido phenazine ligand are important for the photochemical applications. Therefore a phenazine ligand was selected as a model for the present investigation. The chemistry of phenazine ligand is mostly limited to the late transition metal and f - element complexes. Our laboratory has a rich backgroung in the aluminum and early transition metal chemistry. The aluminum chemistry and early transition metal chemistry are of great interest since aluminum and early transition metal complexes are environmentally friendlier and cheaper than the late transition metal compounds. Another drawback of the ruthenium-based sensitizers is the lack of absorption in the red region of the visible spectrum, and also low molar extinction coefficients. An essential requirement for efficient conversion of solar energy is the good spectral match of the sensitizer absorption to the emission spectrum of solar radiation. In this regard, the ruthenium sensitizers’ spectral response in the lower energy regions is not sufficient. The current project has three parts. In the first part we collected and reviewed known literature regarding the certain classes of non-innocent ligands containing the six-membered carbon- nitrogen heterocycles and regarding the ligands potentially important for the photochemical applications. We also reviewed all available to the data information about the complexes supported by the phenazine ligand. In the second part we have investigated interaction of alkylaluminum compounds and phenazine and observed reduction of phenazine accompanied by formation of dialuminum cage type compounds containing two formally mononegative phenazine ligand. The derivatization of phenazine has been also observed. It resulted in formation of compounds having a stable organic radical. In a third part of our project we have explored interaction of phenazine or thiophenazine with the alkylaluminum compounds and chromium dichloride. The reaction in the three component system resulted in reduction of phenazine ligand and lead to the heterometallic Cr(II) - aluminum complexes containing a formally dinegative phenazine or thiophenazine ligands. When a large excess of triethylaluminum was taken, reduction of phenazine and chromium has been observed leading to the heterometallic multinuclear Cr(I) - aluminum complex containing a formally dinegative phenazine ligands and two chromium atoms in one complex in the rare oxidation state one.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/24234
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-3034
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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