GATA4 Partners in Cardiac Cell Proliferation

Title: GATA4 Partners in Cardiac Cell Proliferation
Authors: Yamak, Fatimah Abir
Date: 2013
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in humans throughout the world and “congenital heart defects” (CHDs) are the major cause of infant mortality and morbidity. GATA4 is one of the most critical and intensely studied cardiac transcription factor. It is important for proliferation of cardiomyocytes as well as their survival and adaptive response. The focus of the following thesis was to identify GATA4 mediators and cofactors in cardiac growth. The first part focused on cyclin D2 (CycD2), a growth inducible cell cycle protein. We identified Ccnd2 (gene encoding CycD2) as a direct transcriptional target of GATA4 in postnatal cardiomyocytes and Ccnd2 cardiomyocyte specific overexpression in Gata4 heterozygote mice was able to rescue their heart size and function. We further uncovered a novel regulatory loop between GATA4 and CycD2. CycD2 enhanced GATA4 activation of its target promoters. GATA4 was able to physically interact with CycD2 and its cyclin dependent kinase CDK4 suggesting that GATA4 recruits CycD2/CDK4 to its target promoters. Together, our data uncover a role of CycD2 in the developing and postnatal heart and provide novel insight for the potential of targeting the cell cycle in cardiac therapy. The second part of the project focused on KLF13, a cell specific cofactor of GATA4. KLF13 is a member of the Krϋppel-like transcription factors that are important regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation. Klf13 is highly enriched in the developing heart where it is found in both myocardial and endocardial cells. To determine its role in the mammalian heart, we deleted the Klf13 gene in transgenic mice. Klf13-/- mice were born at 50% reduced frequency and presented with variable cardiac phenotypes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) was affected in these mice and reduced cell proliferation was evident in the AV cushion. These data uncover a role for a new class of transcription factors in heart formation and point to KLF13 as a regulator of endocardial cell proliferation and a potential CHD causing gene. Future discovery of more cardiac regulators and understanding the molecular basis of CHDs is essential for preventions of these defects and possible development of therapeutic approaches for myocardial repair.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -