Development of Monoclonal Antibodies that Recognize a Wide Spectrum of Listeria Monocytogenes Strains

Title: Development of Monoclonal Antibodies that Recognize a Wide Spectrum of Listeria Monocytogenes Strains
Authors: O'Neill, Teela
Date: 2013
Abstract: Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen that is typically transmitted to humans through consumption of contaminated foods. Infection with this organism can lead to a severe and life-threatening illness referred to as listeriosis. The goal of this study was to develop monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) with high specificity and affinity to proteins found on the surface of all strains of L. monocytogenes while not cross-reacting with non-pathogenic Listeria spp. or other major bacterial pathogens commonly found in foods. A literature search was conducted to identify ten candidate surface proteins involved or putatively involved in the virulence of L. monocytogenes. Bioinformatics analyses using BLAST on the NCBI website showed that five of the ten candidate proteins were potentially present in L. monocytogenes strains but absent from strains of other Listeria spp. Genes encoding for these five proteins, ActA, InlA, InlC2, InlJ and LapB, were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. MAbs were raised against recombinant LapB, InlJ and InlC2 proteins using hybridoma technology. A total of 48 anti-LapB, 33 anti-InlJ and 37 anti-InlC2 MAbs were developed. Based on the comparison of IFM signal of each MAb against L. monocytogenes cells, seven anti-LapB MAbs and six anti-InlC2 MAbs were selected for further characterization. All of the anti-InlJ MAbs showed weak IFM signals and negative reactivity in ELISA against L. monocytogenes cells. The selected anti-LapB and anti-InlC2 MAbs were further characterized by assessing their ability to bind to cells of 51 strains representing 11 L. monocytogenes serotypes using ELISA. Six anti-LapB MAbs (M3484, M3495, M3500, M3509, M3517, M3519) reacted strongly with 44 of 51 strains representing 9 of the 11 L. monocytogenes serotypes tested. Five anti-InlC2 MAbs (M3607, M3618, M3630, M3633, M3636) reacted strongly with 47 strains representing 10 of the 11 L. monocytogenes serotypes tested. These results indicate that anti-LapB and anti-InlC2 MAbs could potentially be used as diagnostic reagents for isolation and detection of almost all L. monocytogenes strains in contaminated foods.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -