An Efficient Hybrid Objects Selection Protocol for 3D Streaming over Mobile Devices

Title: An Efficient Hybrid Objects Selection Protocol for 3D Streaming over Mobile Devices
Authors: Alja'afreh, Mohammad Mahmoud
Date: 2012
Abstract: With the rapid development in the areas of mobile manufacturing and multimedia communications, there is an increasing demand for Networked Virtual Environment (NVE) applications, such as Augmented Reality (AR), virtual walk-throughs, and massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs), on hand-held devices. Unfortunately, downloading and rendering a complex 3D scene is very computationally intensive and is not compatible with current mobile hardware specifications nor with available wireless bandwidth. Existing NVE applications deploy client/server based 3D streaming over thin mobile devices, which suffer from single point of failure, latency, and scalability issues. To address these issues, image-based rendering (IBR) and cloud-based 3D streaming have been introduced. The former introduces visual artifacts that reduce, and usually cancel, the realistic behaviors of the Virtual Environment (VE) application, while the latter is considered very expensive to implement. Peer-to-peer (P2P) 3D streaming is promising and affordable, but it has to tackle issues in object discovery and selection as well as content provider strategies. Distributing VE content over a mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) makes the system difficult to update due to the dynamic nature of the mobile clients. In order to tackle these issues, we came up with a novel protocol that combines the pros of both central and distributed approaches. Our proposed hybrid protocol, called OCTET, enables 3D scene streaming over thin devices in a way that can cope with current mobile hardware capabilities and mitigate the challenges of client/server and P2P 3D streaming. In fact, OCTET provides strategies that select, prioritize, and deliver only those objects that contribute to the user’s visible scene. OCTET is implemented using the "ns-2" simulation environment, and extensive experiments have clearly demonstrated significant achievements in mobile resource utilization, throughput, and system scalability.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -