H3K36me3 in Muscle Differentiation: Regulation of Tissue-specific Gene Expression by H3K36-specific Histonemethyltransferases

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Title: H3K36me3 in Muscle Differentiation: Regulation of Tissue-specific Gene Expression by H3K36-specific Histonemethyltransferases
Authors: Dhaliwal, Tarunpreet
Date: 2012
Abstract: The dynamic changes in chromatin play a significant role in lineage commitment and differentiation. These epigenetic modifications control gene expression through recruitment of transcription factors. While the active mark H3K4me3 is present around the transcription start site on the gene, the function of the H3K36me3 mark is unknown. A number of H3K36-specific histone methyltransferases (HMTs) have been identified, however the focus of this study is the HMT Hypb. To elucidate the role of H3K36me3 in mediating expression of developmentally-regulated loci, native chromatin immunoprecipitation (N-ChIP) was performed at a subset of genes. Upon differentiation, we observe that H3K36me3 becomes enriched at the 3’ end of several muscle-specific genes. To further investigate the role of H3K36me3 in myogenesis, a lentiviral-mediated knockdown of the H3K36 HMT Hypb was performed in muscle myoblasts using shRNA. Upon Hypb knockdown, we were surprised to observe enhanced myogenesis. N-ChIP was also performed on differentiated Hypb knockdown cell lines in order to look at H3K36me3 enrichment on genes involved in muscle differentiation. N-ChIP data show a drop in H3K36me3 enrichment levels on myogenin and Ckm genes. The possible occupancy of Hypb on the coding regions of muscle-specific genes was experimentally observed by cross-linked chromatin immunoprecipitation (X-ChIP) on differentiated C2C12 cells and subsequently confirmed by X-ChIP on knockdown lines where the occupancy was lost. A model is proposed that links the observed phenotype with H3K36me3.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23590
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6265
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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