Development of the 5-exo-dig/Prins Reaction and Efforts towards the Total Synthesis of (±)-Magellanine

Title: Development of the 5-exo-dig/Prins Reaction and Efforts towards the Total Synthesis of (±)-Magellanine
Authors: Bétournay, Geneviève L.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Gold catalysis has attracted much attention within the chemical community in recent years, and its importance as a synthetic tool has only started to be uncovered. This thesis describes the development of a gold(I) catalyzed transformation and its application to the synthesis of a structurally unique Lycopodium alkaloid, Magellanine. Although there have been a few reports on the synthesis of the magellanane core to date, the approach described herein would represent a new and efficient strategy to construct the angularly fused tetracyclic core. The 5 exo dig/Prins reaction that would be the key step of the synthesis was first developed and studied on a model substrate, enabling the verification of the hypothesis that this transformation could indeed form the A and B rings of Magellanine and be applied to its synthesis. This reaction formed the tricyclic products in good yields and in good exo:endo ratios. The synthesis of Magellanine was undertaken, but problems of isomerization prevented the synthesis of the desired 5 exo dig/Prins substrate, which contained the C and D rings of Magellanine with a cis relationship at the ring junction. However, an almost identical substrate, save for a trans configuration between the C and D rings instead of the cis configuration, was prepared and served in further establishing the applicability of this methodology to the synthesis of Magellanine by successfully undergoing the 5-exo-dig/Prins reaction and generating the tetracyclic products. Studies of the steps following the key transformation were performed on the model substrate, allowing for the evaluation of these steps prior to their use in the synthesis. The results of the studies indicate a possible need to revisit the order in which the steps should be carried out. Promising solutions to the different obstacle encountered during the work are presented, demonstrating how the synthesis of Magellanine through a route featuring the 5-exo-dig/Prins cyclization is attainable.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -