Gene Expression Changes in Prostate Cells upon Exposure to Environmental Anti-androgenic Pesticide Vinclozolin

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Title: Gene Expression Changes in Prostate Cells upon Exposure to Environmental Anti-androgenic Pesticide Vinclozolin
Authors: Prasad, Saurabh
Date: 2012
Abstract: Vinclozolin (VCZ), an antiandrogenic fungicide, is an endocrine disrupting chemical that is known to possess high affinity for the androgen receptor (AR) and modulate expression of critical androgen-dependant genes in the prostate. In this study, viability and expression of AR, NKX3.1 and CYP3A4 genes were measured in androgen-sensitive prostate cells LNCaP after exposure to VCZ and VCZ treated with S9 microsomes in a time and dose dependent manner. NKX3.1 is an androgen regulated gene that plays a vital role in prostate development. CYP3A4 is involved in xenobiotic metabolism. VCZ decreased the viability at high doses after 48 hours which was slightly mitigated by treatment with S9 metabolites. Expression of NKX3.1 and CYP3A4 was upregulated while an initial downregulation of AR was observed. NKX3.1 upregulation corroborates with possibility of antiandrogens to act as androgens in LNCaP. The results illustrate that VCZ can interfere with the expression of critical prostate genes.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23355
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6101
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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