HIF-2a: A Regulator of Autonomous Growth in Ovarian Carcinoma

Title: HIF-2a: A Regulator of Autonomous Growth in Ovarian Carcinoma
Authors: Omar, Tahmina
Date: 2012
Abstract: Cancer develops in many organs and tissues in the body through genetic and environmental modifications to acquire the hallmarks of cancer. The hallmarks of cancer allow the cells to become malignant and progress to a tumorigenic state. It has previously been shown in various carcinomas that HIF-2a, a key component in hypoxia adaptation, has a role in autonomous growth, the first hallmark of cancer. Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of the gynecological malignancies and accounts for 3% of new cases in women annually but is the fifth most common cause of death due to cancer. Here, it is shown in two ovarian carcinoma cell lines that HIF-2a is involved in in vitro and in vivo growth. It is also shown that the effect of HIF-2a is due to its role in autonomous growth and not vascularization with the use of in vitro spheroids. From recent findings in the laboratory the oxygen-stimulated translation initiation complex was discovered and HIF-2a is one of its components. In the absence of HIF-2a there is a downregulation in translation in hypoxia in ovarian carcinoma. This is also seen in a HIF-2a translational target, IGF1R and its downstream signaling pathway, which may be involved in autonomous growth as well as other hallmarks of cancer. Taken together, the data in this thesis presents the importance of HIF-2a in autonomous growth and cancer progression in ovarian carcinoma, as well as verifying its role in translation.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23281
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -