Snf2l Regulates Foxg1 Expression to Control Cortical Progenitor Cell Proliferation and Differentiation

Description
Title: Snf2l Regulates Foxg1 Expression to Control Cortical Progenitor Cell Proliferation and Differentiation
Authors: McGregor, Chelsea P.
Date: 2012
Abstract: Over the past five years the role of epigenetic modifiers in brain development has become increasingly evident. In this regard, Snf2l, a homolog of the chromatin remodeling protein ISWI, was shown to have enriched expression in the brain and be important for neuronal differentiation. Mice lacking functional Snf2l have hypercellularity of the cerebral cortex due to increased cell cycle re-entry. In this thesis I demonstrate the effects of Snf2l-ablation on cortical progenitor cells including increased proliferation and cell cycle deregulation, the consequence of which is a delay in neuronal migration and altered numbers of mature cortical neurons. This phenotype arises from increased expression of Foxg1, a winged-helix repressor expressed in the forebrain and anterior optic vesicle. Moreover, genetically reducing its overexpression rescues the Snf2l-ablated phenotype. Snf2l is bound directly to a promoter region of Foxg1 suggesting that it acts as a repressive regulator in vivo and is an important factor in forebrain differentiation.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23231
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5975
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
Files