From Agriculture to Ecotourism: Socio-economic Change, Community Development and Environmental Sustainability in a Costa Rican Village

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Title: From Agriculture to Ecotourism: Socio-economic Change, Community Development and Environmental Sustainability in a Costa Rican Village
Authors: Howitt, Josephine B.
Date: 2012
Abstract: This research is an ethnographic case study of the emerging ecotourism economies in the agricultural village of San Gerardo de Rivas, Pérez Zeledón, Costa Rica. Due to the village’s location as the main entry point to climb the country’s tallest mountain within Chirripó National Park, the majority of households in San Gerardo now derive some income from tourism. I conducted twenty household surveys, followed by twenty-one semi-structured interviews with male and female heads of households and representatives of local organizations and tourism businesses. Drawing on local perspectives, I found that ecotourism was a complementary income source to agriculture and that men and women were engaging differently in ecotourism employment. Local organizations were involved in the participatory management of ecotourism activities within Chirripó National Park. Ecotourism has affected environmental practices and local people are strategically negotiating the direction of tourism development, including through using environmental discourses, to optimize the benefits to their community.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23225
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5970
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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